How To Protect And Secure Your Website
When come to website security, is a complicated topic in the evolve internet environment. A complete guide to provide a transparency framework for site owners looking to reduce risk and apply security rules to their existing web servers.
It is a very important to bear in mind that web security is a not one time solution when you applied to it. Instead, you have to consistently process the task to reduce the overall risk.
Website security need many layers of defence to combine into one piece like an onion. By simply applying a systematic approach, we need to get board view of website security and approach a deep defensive weapon strategy.
What is website security?
Website security is a action taken to secure a site from being cyber attacks. In regards to this, website security a continuing task and is part of a requirement of managing a website.
Why is important to secure a website?
A website being hacked is a tragic event for a website owner and businesses, nobody want it to happen. Secure a website is necessary to online visitor as hosting a website. You will be blacklisted by search engine and will lose your entire web traffic for being hacked. Not having a secure website can run into legal matter for data breach and can result in court, fines and lost in business reputation.
A depth strategy defence for website security in view of the spread of the attack surface to analyse the tools used across the stack. This task provides more precise image of website security threat environment.
Why Websites Are Being Hacked
Hackers conduct hacking a website for money and other for mischievous act or sabotage. There are over billion of websites on the internet provides a large playground for hackers trying their luck.
People alway have a wrong idea and often believe their smaller website are not targeted by the hackers, they are totally misconception. Hackers using shell terminal and hacking software searching for any website door that are open for invitation and able to use million of random password to crack your site password within minutes.
There are various achieve when hacking websites, but the main ones are:
- Utilize site visitors.
- Stealing data stored on the server.
- Tricking bots and crawlers.
- Take advantage of server resources.
Website Vulnerabilities & Threats
The follow are the most common website security vulnerabilities and threats:
SQL injection attacks are done by injecting malicious code in a vulnerable SQL query. They depend on an attacker adding a specially planned request within the message sent by the website to the database.
A victorious attack will change the database query in a way that it will receive the information need by the hacker, instead of the data the website expected. SQL injections can also modify or add malicious data to the database.
Cross-site Scripting (XSS)
Cross-site scripting attacks consist of injecting malicious client side scripts into a site and using the website as a distribution method.
The serious threat behind XSS is that it enable an attacker to inject data into a site and modify how it displayed, forcing a site owner’s browser to execute perform the code provided by the hacker when loading the page. The script will be executed when a site admin logged in and loads the code, which to possible head to a website takeover.
Credential Brute Force Attacks
The most common factor used to compromise websites is gaining access to admin control panel or SFTP server. The task is quite simple; the hackers basically program a script that able to multiple combinations of usernames and passwords until if find the one that successful.
Once it successful access to the panel, the hackers can launch a various of malicious activities, from spam campaigns to coin-miners and steal the credit card information.
Website Malware Infections & Attacks
- Inject search engine optimisation spam on the page
- Drop a backdoor to maintain access
- Collect visitor credit card data and information
- Run exploits on the server to escalate access level
- Use visitors’ system to mine cryptocurrencies
- Store botnets command & control scripts
- Show unnecessary ads, redirect audience to scam sites
- Host malicious downloads
- Launch attacks against other websites
A Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attack is a non-intrusive internet attack. It is programmed to take down the hacked site or flooding the network, server or apps with fake traffic.
Website admin must familiarise themselves with DDoS attacks as a threats to them in the security environment. Even a little percentage of traffic is enough for the attack to be favour when a DDoS targets a vulnerable resource intensive endpoint.
How to Secure Your Website
Seriously, a website security cannot be overlooked. You will find out more by carry on reading the step by step guide on this session which will provide you guidance finding the right services that you needs.
1. Update Everything
Countless of sites are being strike daily due to outdated and insecure software. Your website need to update regularly on a new plugin or CMS new version is available. Updating might just contain security enhancements or patch a vulnerability.
Hacking bots are programmed automatically to scan every site for any exploitation opportunities to attack. This is why you should need a firewall, which will virtually patch the security loophole as soon as updates are released. You should install a WP Updates Notifier plugin if you are using WordPress platform. WP Updates Notifier emails you to let you know when a plugin or WordPress core update is available.
2. Have Strong Passwords
Every individual password you have should be unique. A password manager can make this easier. Use a longer than 12 characters. The longer the password is, the longer it will take a computer program to crack it. Use random passwords manager like LastPass or KeePass, these tools store all your passwords in an encrypted format and can simple generate random passwords with one click.
3. Change the Default CMS Settings
Most of these attacks depend on users to have only default settings. To be exact that you can avoid a huge number of attacks easily by changing the default settings when installing your choice of CMS.
4. Extension Selection
Webmasters normally enjoy CMS applications extensibility plugins and add-ons, but it can also pose one of the biggest threat. Decide which extensions is secure by looking into this few points:
When the extension was last update: Do not install the extension that the last update was more than 1 year ago. This extension might not supported by the developer and may cause core conflicts.
The of downloads and installers: An extension developed by an established developer that has numerous installs is more trustworthy than one with a lesser of installs released by a first-time author. These experienced developers have a good idea about great security practices and less likely to damage their reputation of having malicious code in their extension.
Legitimate and trusted sources: Install your plugins, extensions and themes from legitimate sources. Avoid free versions that might be pirated and infected with malware whose only objective is to infect as many websites as possible with malware.
5. Have Website Backups
Always have a good practice of backing up your website. When the event of a hack, website backups are critical to recovering your site from a major security issue. Choosing the best website backup solution like CodeGuard Website Backup is should help.
6. Install an SSL Certificate
SSL certificates activates the padlock and the https protocol and allows secure connections from a web server to a browser. Typically, SSL is used to secure credit card transactions, data transfer, logins and securing browsing of social media sites.
7. Using Website Firewall
SSL certificates stand alone is not enough to protect an hacker from accessing data information. Enable firewall to prevent such attacks against websites and let you have a peace of mind.
8. Use a Website Security Service
Last, using website security tools like SiteLock Website Security enable to protect you from various attacks, this tool is like a security guard for your website. SiteLock monitors your website 24/7 for vulnerabilities and attacks. Any malware is detected, SiteLock will removes it immediately. The following features that Sitelock works:
- Automatically scans your website for vulnerabilities
- Eliminate database vulnerabilities
- Malware removal
- Spam black-list removal
- Database security
- Network security
- Ongoing security assurance
That was everything about Website Security. To find out more regarding SiteLock website security, please click here